Volume 13, Issue 10 (10-2015)                   IJRM 2015, 13(10): 623-626 | Back to browse issues page

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Radoi V E, Bohiltea C L, Bohiltea R E, Albu D N. Cell free fetal DNA testing in maternal blood of Romanian pregnant women. IJRM. 2015; 13 (10) :623-626
URL: http://ijrm.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-596-en.html
1- Department of Medical Genetics, UMF Carol Davila, Romania, Bucharest
2- Department of Medical Genetics, UMF Carol Davila, Romania, Bucharest , gen_og@yahoo.com
3- Department of Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Medlife Romania, Bucharest
Abstract:   (6914 Views)
Background: The discovery of circulating fetal DNA in maternal blood led to the discovery of new strategies to perform noninvasive testing for prenatal diagnosis.
Objective: The purpose of the study was to detect fetal aneuploidy at chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X, and Y by analysis of fetal cell-free DNA from maternal blood, without endangering pregnancy.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective study has been performed in Bucharest at Medlife Maternal and Fetal Medicine Department between 2013-2014. In total  201 women were offered noninvasive prenatal test. Maternal plasma samples were collected from women at greater than 9 weeks of gestation after informed consent and genetics counseling.
Results: From 201 patients; 28 (13.93%) had screening test with high risk for trisomy 21, 116 (57.71%) had advanced maternal age, 1 (0.49%) had second trimester ultrasound markers and the remaining 56 patients (27.86%) performed the test on request. Of those patients, 189 (94.02%) had a “low risk” result (<1/10,000). Of those who had a low risk result, 2 continued on to have amniocentesis with normal results.Five patients (2.48%) received “high risk” results (>99% risk) all for trisomy 21 (T21). T21 was confirmed by amniocentesis in 1 patient and the other 4 patients declined confirmation. The 7 remaining patients (3.48%) had a low fetal fraction of DNA.
Conclusion: It is probably that prenatal diagnosis using fetal DNA in maternal blood would play an increasingly role in the future practice of prenatal testing because of high accuracy.
Keywords: Prenatal, Fetal, DNA
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Type of Study: Original Article |

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