Volume 20, Issue 12 (December 2022)                   IJRM 2022, 20(12): 1051-1052 | Back to browse issues page


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Moradi Y. The relationship between body mass index and preeclampsia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. IJRM 2022; 20 (12) :1051-1052
URL: http://ijrm.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1602-en.html
Social Determinant of the Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. , Yousefmoradi211@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (216 Views)

Dear Editor
We studied the article written by Morteza Motedayen et al. (1) that was published in the International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine in July 2019. The objective of this study was determined the relationship between body mass index and preeclampsia. The results of this meta-analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between BMI and the risk of preeclampsia, so it can be said that BMI may be one of the ways to diagnose preeclampsia. Although these results were very interesting, some methodological issues should be considered:
  1. Authors for assessing risk of bias and quality of included studies used the Newcastle-Ottawa checklist, but the authors not reported results of this scale in tables and results.
  2. In the method section, the authors used funnel plot and Beggs test for reporting publication bias, but results related to Beggs test, for example, Beta, p-value, and 95% CI were not reported in the manuscript. Also, for assessing of publication bias in the meta-analysis, it is better to use the Egger test for publication bias, because this test use regression for detecting the correlation between variables and its SD (2-4).
  3. Search strategy is not complete, because this step in meta-analysis should be done independently by 2 researchers. In meta-analysis studies search strategy, quality assessment or risk of bias, and data extraction should be done independently by 2 researchers. On the other hand, gray’s literature is not done by authors. The database was incomplete, Web of sciences was not mentioned or searched. Therefore, it seems that in this meta-analysis, the search strategy was not sensitive.
  4. One of the most important aspects of meta-analysis is to determine whether heterogeneity exists in the studies, and investigated the source of such heterogeneity. In this meta-analysis, this section is ambiguous (5). Results showed that heterogeneity is higher and authors have not conducted any subgroup analysis for detecting heterogeneity sources.
  5. In the analysis section, the authors should be calculated the weight or standard mean difference in 2 groups of case-control studies and estimated this standard mean difference in meta-analysis (6, 7). For each study, authors should be calculated the standardized mean difference (difference in mean outcomes between groups / standard deviation of outcome among participate). After that, authors should be combined these effects and were reported pooled estimates (8, 9).
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Type of Study: Letter to Editor | Subject: Reproductive Epidemiology

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