Volume 20, Issue 11 (November 2022)                   IJRM 2022, 20(11): 893-914 | Back to browse issues page


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Amiri M, Bidhendi-Yarandi R, Fallahzadeh A, Marzban Z, Ramezani Tehrani F. Risk of endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancers in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis. IJRM 2022; 20 (11) :893-914
URL: http://ijrm.ir/article-1-2220-en.html
1- Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Biostatistics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
4- Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , fah.tehrani@gmail.com
Abstract:   (881 Views)
Background: Although several studies have evaluated the risk of gynecological cancers in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), there are controversies regarding it.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association of PCOS with endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancers.
Materials and Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases based on MESH terms using the combination of the appropriate keywords were searched to retrieve observational studies on endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancers in PCOS women, published from inception to April 2020. This meta-analysis was performed to determine the pooled odds ratio (OR) of these cancers in women with PCOS. Publication bias was assessed by using Begg’s test.
Results: Of 1347 records retrieved by searching the databases, a total of 14 articles were included in the study. Overall, the pooled OR of the composite outcome, including endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancers in women with PCOS was higher than that of women with no PCOS (pooled OR: 1.4, 95% CI: 1.0-1.9). The pooled OR of endometrial (pooled OR: 2.2, 95% CI: 1.03-4.7) and ovarian (pooled OR: 1.3, 95% CI: 1.0-1.8) cancers in women with PCOS was higher than the control group, whereas the pooled OR of breast cancer was not significantly higher than that of the control group.
Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicated an increased risk of endometrial and ovarian cancers in women with PCOS.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Reproductive Endocrinology

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