Volume 21, Issue 1 (January 2023)                   IJRM 2023, 21(1): 43-52 | Back to browse issues page

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Banaei M, Kariman N, Sharif Nia H, Mokhtarian-Gilani T. The role of the Coronavirus pandemic on childbearing intentions in Iranian women based on path analysis: A cross-sectional study. IJRM 2023; 21 (1) :43-52
URL: http://ijrm.ir/article-1-2501-en.html
1- Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , n_kariman@yahoo.com
3- Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Amol Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
4- Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (349 Views)
Background: The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) may lead to couples not being physically and mentally ready to assume a parenting role.
Objective: Given the changes in reproductive behaviors and the lack of accurate information about childbearing factors during the Coronavirus pandemic, this study was conducted to investigates the role of the COVID-19 pandemic in Iranian couples’ childbearing intentions based on the theory of planned behavior model.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 married Iranian women from July to October 2020 using official online popular social networks. Data were collected using a demographic checklist and the researcher-made questionnaire, which was designed based on the main constructs of the planned behavior model.
Results: Testing the indirect relationships of the mediation model effect showed a positive relationship between knowledge (β = 0.226, p < 0.001) and subjective norms (β = 0.155, p = 0.001) about COVID-19. Anxiety about COVID-19 mediated the relationship of knowledge (β = 0.105, p = 0.009), attitude (β = -0.125, p = 0.002), subjective norms (β = 0.238, p < 0.001), and perceived behavioral control (β = 0.513, p < 0.001) about COVID-19 with childbearing intentions.
Conclusion: The results showed that COVID-19-induced anxiety can affect the relationship between the components of the theory of planned behavior model and childbearing intentions. Therefore, it is suggested that by designing appropriate interventions through anxiety-reducing and relaxation techniques, a fundamental step can be taken in increasing childbearing desires.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Reproductive Physiology

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