Volume 20, Issue 8 (August 2022)                   IJRM 2022, 20(8): 683-690 | Back to browse issues page

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Emami F, Eftekhar M, Jalaliani S. Correlation between clinical and laboratory parameters and early pregnancy loss in assisted reproductive technology cycles: A cross-sectional study. IJRM 2022; 20 (8) :683-690
URL: http://ijrm.ir/article-1-2475-en.html
1- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2- Abortion Research Center, Yazd Reproduction Sciences Institiute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. , eftekharmaryam@yahoo.com eftekharmaryam@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (722 Views)
Background: The miscarriage rate after pregnancy resulting from assisted reproductive technology (ART) is about 20%, roughly half of which is biochemical. The correlations between the number and quality of oocytes, estradiol level and early pregnancy loss have not been fully clarified.
Objective: This study aimed to examine the clinical and laboratory parameter effects on early abortion in ART cycles.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 408 women who were ART candidates and were referred to the Yazd Infertility and Research Center, Yazd, Iran during March 2017 to March 2020 participated. Women who had a fresh embryo transferred and who had a positive beta human chorionic gonadotropin serum test were included in the study. The Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level, embryo quality, oocyte number, progesterone level, estradiol level, and maternal age were extracted from the medical records.
Results: No significant difference was observed in the age, mean estradiol and progesterone levels on trigger day, number of MII oocytes, and embryo quality between the groups (p = 0.19, 0.42, 0.07, 0.34 and 0.20, respectively). No statistically significant difference was found between the 3 groups of AMH level (p = 0.20). After evaluation using logistic regression, the rate of negative clinical pregnancies was higher in the group with AMH < 1 ng/ml. However, this was not found to be statistically significant.
Conclusion: We did not find any correlation between early abortion and AMH levels, embryo quality, oocyte number, progesterone level, estradiol level, or maternal age.
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